With this paper we want to go to deal with in a very discursive theme of the pipes and fittings, relating to discharges of industrial wastewater and civil.
At the design stage we must keep track of all the possible risks to which they may come to find the pipelines to be laid (load factors).
First critical to tackle will be the calculation of the hydraulic load, both as regards the load meteor that for what might concern the loads of the water clear and dark water for civil dwellings and industrial installations.
We highlight some of the parameters that depending on what we are going to calculate the elements to be placed in evaluation.
Average speed of the water
Daily per capita available water supply
Number of residents who will impact on the specific project
Capacity during peak hours
Possible reduction in section of the discharge due to the deposits
The tubes of course for the discharges, whether they are civil or industrial, are the first element of which then develop all the various hydraulic calculations, the designer must take into account the thickness of the tube in relation to where they should be placed, as the correct position in relation to the pipe / pit material will result in cost savings as pipes thinner tubes will have lower costs than of a thickness not in any way going to affect the prestazionalità plant.
Updates will follow shortly
For further details please visit the following standards:
UNI EN 1401
ISO TC 138/1062
PR EN 13476